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Lopez, S. V., Leffingwell, T. R., Brett, E. I., & Leavens, E. L. S. (in press). Temporal estimations and subjective evaluations of alcohol consequences. American Journal of Health Behavior.

Leavens, E. L. S., Morgan, T. L., Brett, E. I., Lee, K., Son, J., Molina, N., Eissenberg, T., Shihadeh, A., Leffingwell, T. R., & Wagener, T. L. (in press). Concurrent alcohol use and waterpipe tobacco smoking: Smoking topography, toxicant exposure, and abuse liability. Nicotine and Tobacco Research.

Leavens, E. L. S., Stevens, E., Brett, E. Leffingwell, T. R., & Wagener, T. L. (in press). JUUL in school: JUUL electronic cigarette use patterns, reasons for use, and social normative perceptions among college student ever users. Addictive Behaviors.

Cole, A. B., Leavens, E. L. S., Brett, E. I., Lopez, S. V., Pipestem, K. P., Tucker, R. P., O’Keefe, V. M., Leffingwell, T. R., & Wingate, L. R. (in press). Alcohol use and the interpersonal theory of suicide in American Indian young adults.

Peter, S. C., Brett, E. I. Leavens, E. L. S., Miller, M. B., Leffingwell. T. R., Whelan, J. P., & Meyers, A. W. (2019). A meta-analysis of brief personalized feedback interventions for problematic gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies, 35, 447-464.

Leavens, E. L. S., Stevens, E. M., Brett, E. I., Molina, N., Leffingwell, T. R., & Wagener, T. L. (2019). Use of rideshare services to increase participant recruitment and retention in research. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 21, doi: 10.2196/11166

Miller, M. B., DiBello, A. M., Meier, E., Leavens, E. L. S., Merrill, J., Carey, K. B. & Leffingwell, T. R. (2018). Alcohol-induced amnesia and personalized drinking feedback: Blackouts predict intervention response. Behavior Therapy, 50, 25-35.

Brett, E. I., Espeleta, H. C., Lopez, S. V., Leavens, E. L. S., & Leffingwell, T. R. (2018). Mindfulness as a mediator of association between alcohol consequences and adverse childhood experiences. Addictive Behaviors, 84, 92-98.

Claborn, K. R., E. Meier, M. B. Miller, E. L. Leavens, E. I. Brett, & Leffingwell, T. R. (2018). Improving adoption and acceptability of digital health interventions for HIV disease management: a qualitative study. Translational Behavioral Health, 8, 268-279.

Leavens, E. L. S., Brett, E. I., Morgan, T. L., Lopez, S. V., Shaikh, R., Leffingwell, T. R. & Wagener, T. L. (2018). Descriptive and injunctive norms of waterpipe smoking among college students. Addictive Behaviors, 77, 59-62.

Brett, E. I., Leffingwell, T. R., Leavens, E. L. (2017). Trait mindfulness and protective strategies for alcohol use: Implications for college student drinking. Addictive Behaviors, 73, 16.21.

Leavens, E. L., Leffingwell T. R., Miller, M. B., Brett, E. I., & Lombardi, N. (2017). Subjective evaluations of alcohol-related consequences among college students: Experience with consequences matters. Journal of American College Health, 65, 243-249.

Meier, E., Miller, M.B., Lombardi, N., & Leffingwell, T.R. (2017). Assessment reactivity: A randomized controlled trial of alcohol-specific measures on alcohol-related behaviors. Addictive Behaviors, 67, 44-48.

Leavens, E. L., Brett, E. I., Frank, S., Shaikh, R. A., Leffingwell, T. R., Croff, J. M., & Wagener, T. L. (2017). Association between breath alcohol concentration and waterpipe lounge patrons’ carbon monoxide exposure: A field investigation. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 170, 152-155.

Miller, M. B., Meier, E., Lombardi, N., Leavens, E. L., Grant, D. & Leffingwell, T. R. (2016). The Valued Living Questionnaire for Alcohol Use: Measuring value-behavior discrepancy in college student drinking. Psychological Assessment, 28, 1051-1060.


Miller, M. B., Brett, E. I., Leavens, E. L., Meier, E., Borsari, B., & Leffingwell, T. R. (2016). Informing alcohol interventions for student service members/Veterans: Normative perceptions and coping strategies. Addictive Behaviors, 57, 76-82.


Brett, E. I., Leavens, E. L., Miller, M. B., Lombardi, N., & Leffingwell, T. R. (2016). Normative perceptions of alcohol-related consequences among college students. Addictive Behaviors58, 16-20.


Miller, M. B., Leavens, E. L., Meier, E., Lombardi, N., & Leffingwell, T. R. (2016). Enhancing the efficacy of computerized feedback interventions for college alcohol misuse: An exploratory randomized trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 84, 122-133.


Meier, E., Miller, M.B., Lechner, W.V., Lombardi, N., Claborn, K.R., & Leffingwell, T.R. (2015). The inability of self-affirmations to decrease defensive bias toward an alcohol-related risk message among high-risk students. Journal of American College Health, 63, 324-329.


Gillaspy, S. R., Litzenberg, C. C., Leffingwell, T. R., Miller, M. B. (2015). Training in Motivational Interviewing as a Best Training Practice in Pediatric Psychology: Relationship to Core Competencies. Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology, 3, 225-232.


Miller, M. B., Meier, E., Lombardi, N. & Leffingwell, T. R. (2015). Theories of behavior change and personalized feedback interventions. Addiction Research & Theory, 23, 322-335.


Claborn, K. R., Meier, E., Miller, M. B., Leffingwell, T. R., (2015). A systematic review of treatment fatigue among HIV-infected patients prescribed antiretroviral therapy. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 20, 255-265.


Cushing, C. C., Jensen, C. D., Miller, M. B., & Leffingwell, T. R. (2014). Motivational Interviewing for adolescent health behavior: A meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82, 1212-1218.


Claborn, K. R., Leffingwell, T. R., Miller, M. B., Meier, E., Stephens, J. R. (2014). Pilot study examining the efficacy of an electronic intervention for HIV medication adherence. AIDS Care, 404-409. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2013.824534


Weaver, C. C., Leffingwell, T. R., Lombardi, N. J., Claborn, K. R., Miller, M. B., & Martens, M. P. (2014). A computer-based feedback only intervention with and without a moderation skills component. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 46, 22-28. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2013.08.011


Hartung, C. M., Canu, W. H., Cleveland, C. S., Lefler, E. K, Mignogna, M. J., Fedele, D. A., Correia, C. J., Leffingwell, T. R. & Clapp, J. D. (2013). Stimulant medication use in college students: Comparison of appropriate users, misusers and non-users. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 27, 832-840. doi: 10.1037/a0033822


Miller, M., Leffingwell, T.R., Claborn, K.R., Meier, E., Walters, S., & Neighbors, C. (2013). Personalized feedback interventions for college alcohol misuse: An update of Walters & Neighbors (2005). Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 27, 909-920. doi:10.1037/a0031174


Miller, M. B., & Leffingwell, T. R. (2013). What do college student drinkers want to know? Student perceptions of alcohol-related feedback.  Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 27, 214-222. DOI: 10.1037/a0031380


Leffingwell, T. R., N. J. Cooney, J. Murphy, S. Luczak, G. Rosen, D. Dougherty, & N. Barnett (2013). Continuous Objective Monitoring of Alcohol Use: 21st Century Measurement using Transdermal Sensors. Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, 37, 16-22. DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2012.01869.x


Gillaspy, S. R. Leffingwell, T. R., Mignogna, M. R., Mignogna, J., Fedele, D. A., Bright, B. C., McCaffree, M. A., & Krodel, J. A. (2013). Testing of a web-based program to facilitate parental smoking cessation readiness in primary care. Journal of Primary Care and Community Health, 4, 2-7.


Wagener, T.L., Leffingwell, T.R, .Mignogna, J., Mignogna, M., Weaver, C., Cooney, N., & Claborn, K. (2012). A randomized trial comparing computer and live personalized feedback interventions for high-risk drinking among college students. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 43, 260-267


DiLillo, D. & Leffingwell, T. R. (2011).  The internship application process: Advice you might not have heard. the Behavior Therapist. 34, 148-152


Leffingwell, T. R. & Claborn, K. (2010). Biological bias in National Institute of Mental Health’s consumer brochures for psychological disorders. the Clinical Psychologist,63(2), 5-9.


Neumann, C. A., Leffingwell, T. R., Wagner, E. F., Jackson, M. J., & Mignogna, J. (2009). Self-esteem and gender influence the response to risk information among alcohol using college students. Journal of Substance Use, 14, 353-363.


Silovsky, J. & Leffingwell, T. R., Hecht, D. B. (2009, Spring). Integrating Motivational Interviewing in home-based child maltreatment prevention and family preservation services. Family Violence Prevention & Health Practice. Available at:


Leffingwell, T. R., Hendrix, B., Mignogna, M. & Mignogna, J. (2008). Ten things to love about drug courts. The Addictions Newsletter, Spring, 11-13.


Collins, F. L., Leffingwell, T. R. & Belar, C. (2007). Teaching evidence-based practice: Implications for psychology. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 63, 657-670.


Leffingwell, T. R. & Thomas, D. G. (2007). Microsoft Producer™: A software tool for creating multimedia PowerPoint™ presentations. Teaching of Psychology, 34, 57-63.


Leffingwell, T. R., Neumann, C., Babitzke, A. C., Leedy [Boczar], M. J., & Walters, S. (2007).  The social psychology of Motivational Interviewing: Review of relevant principles and recommendations for best practice. Behavioural & Cognitive Psychotherapy, 35, 31-45


Leffingwell. T. R., Neumann, C., Leedy [Boczar], M. J., & Babitzke, A. C. (2007). Defensively biased responding to risk information among alcohol-using college students. Addictive Behaviors, 32, 158-165.


Leedy [Boczar], M. J. & Leffingwell, T. R. (2006). Evaluation of a measure of incidental legal risk behavior in college students who use alcohol. Journal of Drug Education, 36, 125-139.


Leffingwell, T. R. (2006). The Behavior Therapy Seminar Series: A method for teaching evidence-based practice. The Behavior Therapist, 29, 77-80.


Leffingwell, T. R. (2006). Motivational Interviewing Knowledge and Attitudes Test (MIKAT) for evaluation of training outcomes. MINT Bulletin, 13, 10-11.


Leffingwell, T. R. & Babitzke, A. C. (2006). Tobacco intervention practices of licensed psychologists. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62, 313-323.


Watson, J. C., Clement, D., Harris, B., Leffingwell, T. R., & Hurst, J. (2006). Teacher-practitioner multiple role issues in sport psychology. Ethics & Behavior, 16, 41-59.


Leffingwell, T. R., Rider, S. P., & Williams, J. M. (2001).  Application of the transtheoretical model to psychological skills training.  The Sport Psychologist, 15, 168-187.


Leffingwell, T. R., Wiechman, S. A., Smith, R. E., Smoll, F. L., & Christensen, D. S. (2001) Sport psychology training within a clinical psychology program and a department of intercollegiate athletics.  Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 32, 531-536.

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